Bees are usually assumed to be present nearby when the signature buzzing sound is heard in a garden or the backyard of a house.
The bee queens have different physical features than the normal bees. They have a have a pair of antennae and four wings. Their body is divided into the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. They are usually three-fourths of an inch long.
The females have a stinger with venom inside. Their body is covered with a hairy layer that helps them to collect nectar and pollen. They are usually not very aggressive.
Types of Bees
The honey bees are one of the most common species of bees. They are social insects. They have narrower, elongated bodies that are less hairy. They are golden and brownish in color.
Bumble bees are hairy and have dark black and yellow striped body. They are bigger than honeybees but have prolonged flight.
They are the aggressive cousins of the honey bees. They are nearly indistinguishable. Killer bees are very territorial and will attack anyone if feel threatened and invaded.
Most bees are very social while others live in small groups or almost entirely alone. The honey bees build huge nests that accommodate up to 80,000 bees.
On the other hand, bumble bees colonize in muddy chambers and can contain up to 50 members in one nest. Some inhabit trees and crevices of trees while others burrow holes in the wooden walls to build nests and the others are seen building nests in muds.
The social bees have a unique caste system. The queens lay eggs and are fed food by the worker bees. The female worker bees secrete intestinal fluids to create wax with which they create chambers for storing eggs and honey. They do not hibernate. The males are known as drones.
Honey bees prefer living in warmer and tropical climates. Originally thought to be found in Africa, it is found all over the world nowadays.
They are usually found to build their hives in tree holes, crevices, meadows, gardens, orchards, and corners of houses and structures. It is to stay hidden from predators.
Honey bees store honey to survive in the cold. Since Europe has a longer duration of winter, the European honey bees tend to make well-insulated walls with a more massive amount of worker bees and honey.
On the other hand, the African honey bees produce a lesser amount of honey. Bumble bees live in mud chambers which are smaller in size. The carpenter bee is seen to burrow holes in wooden structures and walls.
Life Cycle and Reproduction
The life cycle of bees varies from species to species but are mostly divided into four basic stages. The first stage is the egg. The egg is laid by the queen in her chamber. This is transported to wax combs.
The eggs hatch into larvae after three days of incubation. The pollen, honey and nectar kept in the combs are fed to the larvae. This food is known as the bee bread. The next generation queens are given royal jelly which is a much richer food.
The larvae cap the egg cells and spin themselves into a cocoon after six days of turning into a larva. These are called pupae. They come out as adult bees after different durations since gender effects the duration.